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Art Public

Ville de Montréal

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Charles Daudelin


Presentation of the artwork
A truly monumental work of urban landscaping, Agora is composed of a grouping of twenty concrete aediculas with hollowed volumes overlooking a promenade of inlaid cobblestones. Originally, pools and water curtains, a small stage, benches, and plants were scattered in this square, with the goal of appropriation of the site by the public. The sculpture-fountain Mastodo forms the central pivot of this minimalist composition.

This work, unique in the public art collection of the Ville de Montréal for both its size and its utilitarian purpose, is exemplary of a time when artists appropriated industrial materials in a brutalist aesthetic.
Associated events
Agora was produced when Viger Square, situated on the site of an old public garden dating from the nineteenth century, was reconfigured. The old square, among the most beautiful gardens in the downtown core, and its hundred-year-old trees were slated to be razed to make way for construction of the Ville-Marie tunnel in 1976. Jointly with the Ville de Montréal, the Ministère des Transports du Québec asked artists Charles Daudelin, Claude Théberge, and Peter Gnass to produce a public square on the site.
Charles Daudelin
Born in Granby, Charles Daudelin took Paul-Émile Borduas’s advice to move to Montréal, where he took courses at the École du meuble from 1939 to 1943. Elected a member of the Contemporary Arts Society in 1941, he lived in New York and then in Paris, where he attended Fernand Léger’s studio. Teaching at the École des beaux arts de Montréal, Daudelin created the “integrated art” section there in 1963. Among his most prestigious accomplishments in integration art are the altarpiece in the Sacred Heart chapel at the Notre-Dame basilica and the sculpture-fountain Embâcle at Place du Québec in Paris.
Awards and honours
  • Grand Montréalais 94, 1995
  • Médaille de l'Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, 1992
  • Prix Paul-Émile Borduas, 1985
  • Prix Philippe-Hébert de la Société Saint-Jean Baptiste de Montréal, 1981
  • Médaille des arts connexes de l'Institut royal d'architecture du Canada, 1973
  • Membre de l'Académie royal des arts du Canada, 1972
  • Bourse Lych-Staunton du Conseil des arts du Canada, 1972
  • Prix de sculpture de la Province de Québec, 1964
  • Boursier du Gouvernement Français à Paris, 1946-48
  • Prix de peinture de la Province de Québec, 1946
Fine Arts
Collection name
Public art
Date completed
Mode of acquisition:
Accession date
December 17 1987
Moulding: assembly
Concrete; cobblestones; water
General dimensions
762 x 762 x 762 cm
Square Viger